A jewel of the Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage, Taj Mahal – the white marble mausoleum in Agra was built between 1631 and 1648 by order of the then Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his wife.
Located on the banks of the River Yamuna, in a vast Mughal garden that encompasses nearly 17 hectares, in Agra District, Uttar Pradesh. The main architect of the Taj Mahal was Ustad-Ahmad Lahori and the masons, stone-cutters, inlayers, carvers, painters, calligraphers, dome builders and other artisans were summoned from Central Asia and Iran. The remarkable architecture of Taj Mahal lies in some exemplary innovations carried out by the horticulture planners and architects of Shah Jahan.
The Taj Mahal is considered to be the greatest architectural achievement in the whole range of Indo-Islamic architecture. Its architectonic beauty has a rhythmic combination of solids and voids, concave and convex and light shadow; such as arches and domes which enhances the aesthetic aspect. The combination of lush green scape reddish pathway and blue sky over it showcases the monument in ever-changing tints and moods. The marble work and inlay with precious and semi-precious stones make it a monument apart.